Just added this to a server with the intention of indexing some NetBackup log files to make it easier to find things in them. Note that Windows Search Service is new with Server 2008 R2, and is not the same as the old Indexing Service from previous versions on Windows up to Server 2008. You also can’t have both the new Windows Search Service and the old Indexing Service on the same machine. Windows Search Service is a Role Service of the File Server role, so you need to add that to get Windows Search Service.
After you add the Windows Search Service, you need to go to Control Panel and use the Indexing Options to configure which folders you want it to index. Except Indexing Options wasn’t showing in Control Panel. Logging off and back on again makes it show.
I removed all the default indexed locations and just added the logs folder that I wanted indexed. In Indexing Options – Advanced – File Types I changed the option for .log files to “Index Properties and File Contents”.
Finally, I created a new library in Windows Explorer for the logs folder to allow easy access.
I’m not sure how big the index will get, there are a lot of log files. I’ll monitor this and see how it goes, but I’m hoping it’ll prove useful.